Metallic Mineral Resources
Metallic Mineral Resources
New Brunswick’s complex geological past has given rise to a diversity of
metallic mineral resources. Metallic mineral deposits may contain base
metals such as copper, lead, zinc, and iron; precious metals such as
gold and silver; or rare metals such as indium.
Brunswick Mines in northeast New Brunswick produces lead, zinc, and
copper, plus significant amounts of gold, silver, cadmium, bismuth, and
antimony for export worldwide. Clarence Stream in the southwest part of the
province is the site of intensive gold exploration. The gold property lies
near a polymetallic mineral deposit at Mount Pleasant, where sizeable
quantities of indium occur with tin, tungsten, and molybdenum.
The Geological Surveys Branch (GSB) of the Department of Natural
Resources oversees the Government’s Metallic Mineral Resources Program.
The program’s key objective is to promote metallic mineral exploration
in New Brunswick. Specific aims are to:
- investigate metallic mineral occurrences in New Brunswick, their
host rocks, and their environments of formation to determine geological
factors controlling mineralization;
- provide and maintain an up to date inventory of
metallic mineral deposits as part of the GSB’s larger
Mineral Occurrence Database (click
here for tonnage, production and assay information);
- to stay current with the latest exploration methods and techniques;
- to convey new ideas, concepts, and models for exploration, to
Under its Metallic Mineral Resources Program, the GSB:
- conducts field investigations of metallic mineral resources in New
- produces geological maps and reports covering representative
metallic mineral deposits;
- maintains a geological database of metallic mineral deposits in the
- advises industry about New Brunswick’s metallic mineral potential
and favourable geological environments for exploration; and
- collaborates closely with Academic institutions worldwide.
The Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI) is a five year, $25M program
that will focus on increasing the ore reserves of established base-metal
mining communities across Canada, including the Bathurst Mining Camp
(BMC) in northern New Brunswick. Read more
Metallogenic map of New Brunswick-NR 7
Mineral Deposit Information
The following is a list of some metallic mineral resource
publications. Further information can be accessed from the
geoscience publications page:
- DAVIS, W. J., CHI, G., CASTONGUAY, S. and MCLEOD, M., 2004. Temporal
relationships between plutonism, metamorphism and gold mineralization in
southwestern New Brunswick: U-Pb and 40Ar-39Ar geochronological
constraints. Geological Survey of Canada, Current Research 2004-F2, 20p.
- GOODFELLOW, W.D., MCCUTCHEON, S.R., AND PETER, J.M., (editors),
2003. Massive Sulfide Deposits of the Bathurst Mining Camp, New
Brunswick and northern Maine, Economic Geology Monograph 11, 930 p.
- GRAMMATIKOPOULOS, T. A., BARR, S. M., HIEBERT, R. S., STANLEY, C. R.
and VALEYEV, O., 2007. Platinum-group minerals from the mechanic
settlement pluton, southern New Brunswick, Canada. Canadian
Mineralogist, v. 45, pp. 775 - 792.
- JOHNSON, S.C. and MCLEOD, M.J. 1998. A note on the protential for
paleoplacer gold in the Memramcook and Sackville areas and the
relationship to upper carboniferous stratigraphy. In Current Research
1997. Edited by B.M.W. Carroll. New Brunswick Department of Natural
Resources and Energy, Minerals and Energy Division, Mineral Resource
Report 98-4, pp. 1-15.
- LENTZ, D.R. (editor), 2006. Volcanic-hosted massive sulfide
deposits and their geological settings in the Bathurst Mining Camp, New
Brunswick. Exploration and Mining Geology, v. 15, nos. 3-4, 261 p.
- MACLELLAN, H.E., TAYLOR, R.P., and GARDINER, W.W., 1990. Geology
and geochemistry of Middle Devonian Burnthill Brook granites and related
tin-tungsten deposits, York and Northumberland counties, New Brunswick.
New Brunswick Department of Natural Resources and Energy, Minerals and
Energy Division, Mineral Resource Report 4, 95 p.
- MCCUTCHEON, S. 2001. The Late Devonian Mount Pleasant Caldera:
geological setting of a W-Mo-Sn-In deposit in southwestern New
Brunswick. In Guidebook to Field Trips in New Brunswick and Eastern
Maine. New England Intercollegiate Geological Conference, 93rd Annual
Meeting. R. Pickerill and D. Lentz (editors). University of New
Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick, pp. B5 1-14.
- MCCUTCHEON, S.R. and RUITENBERG, A.A. 1987. Geology and mineral
deposits, Annidale-Nerepis area, New Brunswick. New Brunswick Department
of Natural Resources and Energy, Mineral Resources Division, Memoir 2,
- MCLEOD, M.J. 1991. Geology, geochemistry and related mineral
deposits of the Saint George Batholith; Charlotte, Queens and Kings
counties, New Brunswick. New Brunswick Department of Natural Resources
and Energy, Mineral Resources, Mineral Resource Report 5, 169 p.
- NAST, H.J. and WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E. 1991. The Role of Water-Rock
Interation and Fluid Evolurion in Forming the Porphyry-Related Sisson
Brook W-Cu-Mo Deposit, New Brunswick. Economic Geology, Vol. 86, pp.
- PAKTUNC, A.D. 1989. Petrology of the St. Stephen Intrusion and the
genesis of related nickel-copper sulfide deposits. Economic Geology, 84,
- RUITENBERG, A.A., JOHNSON, S.C. and FYFFE, L.R. 1990. Epigenetic
gold deposits and their tectonic setting in the New Brunswick
Appalachians. Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Bulletin, 83,
No. 934, pp. 43-55.
- RUITENBERG, A.A., MCCUTCHEON, S.R., WATTERS, S.E., MCLEOD, M.J.,
BURTON, D.M and HOY, D. 1989. Field guide to gold occurrences in New
Brunswick. New Brunswick Department of Natural Resources and Energy,
Minerals and Energy Division, Field Guidebook No. 1, 63 p.
- RUITENBERG, A.A., MCLEOD, M.J. and KROGH, T.E. 1993. Comparative
metallogeny of Ordovician volcanic and sedimentary rocks in the
Annidale-Shannon (New Brunswick) and Harborside-Blue Hill (Maine) areas:
implications of new U-Pb age dates. Exploration and Mining Geology, 2,
No. 4, pp. 355-365.
- SEAL, R.R., CLARK, A.H. and MORRISSY, C.J. 1987. Stockwork tungsten
(scheelite) - molybdenum mineralization, Lake George, southwestern New
Brunswick. Economic Geology, 82, pp. 1259-1282.
- SINCLAIR, W.D., KOOIMAN, G.J.A., MARTIN, D.A. and KJARSGAARD, I.M.
2006. Geology, geochemistry and mineralogy of indium resources at Mount
Pleasant, New Brunswick. Ore Geology Reviews Vol. 28, pp. 123-145.
- WATTERS, S., CASTONGUAY, S. and MCLEOD, M.J. 2003. Preliminary
report on new gold deposits in the Clarence Stream area of southern New
Brunswick: anomoly "A" - distal deposits of an intrusion-related-gold
system. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1779, 47 p.
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