Agriculture, Pêche et Aquaculture
Department of Agriculture, Aquaculture and Fisheries
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  Organic production

Organic production is a system whose ultimate goal is the preservation of the environment and the production of healthy and safe foods. Practitioners follow specific growing, handling and processing standards from the soil to the consumer's table leading to the production of "certified" organic products.

The key objectives of this production system are the preservation of soil life, the sustenance of soil humus, the protection of ground water, the elimination of synthetic or "chemical" fertilizers and synthetic pesticides from the food supply, and maintaining the health and economic welfare of farmers. Not only does this system prohibit the use of highly soluble fertilizers, "chemical" fertilizers and synthetic pesticides but it also prohibits the use of synthetically compounded hormones, growth regulators, antibiotics, irradiation as a food preservation technique and genetically modified organisms (GMO). There are also very strict regulations on the use of manure and compost.

In New Brunswick, there are some certification bodies that ensure organic produce and processed foods are grown and processed according to organic standards. These organizations will permit the product to be labeled "Certified Organic" when appropriate procedures are followed. Independent inspectors are also involved to verify the integrity of the organic production system. Growers participate in audit trails that track the inputs, raw materials and procedures used in the growing and processing of certified products.

Certification agencies active in NB:

OCIA-NB: Organic Crop Improvement Association - New Brunswick Chapter
Contact : Susan Tyler
Address : 2002 Cedar Camp Rd., South Branch NB, E4E 5E7
Phone: (506) 433-3935
Fax: (506) 432-9435

Atlantic Certified Organic Co-operative Ltd.
Contact: Heather Mackenzie
Address: 200 Harmony Road, Salmon River, NS, B6L 3P6
Tel.: 1-888-375-9190
Fax: 902-897-4247

Ecocert Canada
Contact: France Gravel
Address: Lévis, Québec
Tel: (418) 838-6941

OCPP/Pro-Cert Canada Inc.
Eastern Office
Contact: Dave Lockman
Address: 2311 Elm Tree Road, P.O.Box 74, Cambray, ON KOM 1E0
Tel.: (705) 374-5602
Fax: (705) 374-5604

On June 30, 2009, the Federal Government implemented the Organic Products Regulations. These regulations have a direct impact on the Canadian organic certification system. Canadian organic producers and processors that are involved with inter-provincial and export/import trade must comply with the Regulations and consequently must meet the Canadian Organic Standards.

The objectives of the Organic Products Regulations are to facilitate international market access; provide protection to consumers against deceptive and misleading labelling practices through a uniform approach to organic product certification and labelling; and support the further development of the domestic market. These regulations also make provision for a national label "Canada Organic" which can be used by certified organic operators who meet the Regulations. The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) is responsible for monitoring and enforcing the Regulations. Furthermore, Canada and the United States have reached an equivalency agreement which will facilitate organic product trade between the two countries. The Canadian Organic Products Regulations are available at :

The Canadian General Standards Board (CGSB), with the collaboration of many organic industry stakeholders, has developed the Canadian Organic Standards. The Standards are comprised of two documents: the General Principles and Management Standards (CAN/CGSB-32.310-2006), and the Permitted Substance Lists (CAN/CGSB-32.311-2006). The Standards are revised regularly and can be found on the CGSB website at:

The New Brunswick Department of Agriculture and Aquaculture has an organic specialist on staff. This individual's responsibilities range from providing support to the existing industry, to facilitating growth and identifying new opportunities. This specialist will also provide technical advice to producers who plan to initiate a transition from conventional to organic farming.

Useful Websites

  • Atlantic Canadian Organic Regional Network(
  • Organic Agriculture Centre of Canada, Truro, NS (
  • Canadian Organic Growers (
  • Agri-Réseau / Agriculture biologique du Québec:  (French only)

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