M. Price1, A.O.M. Smith1 and J. McKinney2
Partner: Brunswick Soil and Crop Improvement Association
Abstract: The New Brunswick Soil and Crop Improvement Association with funding from the Strategic Partnership Development Program in co-operation with the New Brunswick Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Aquaculture conducted small grain cultivar evaluation trials in Hartland, New Brunswick in 2004. A spring wheat registration/recommendation trial, consisting of 19 lines, and a spring wheat screening trial, consisting of 30 lines, was established on the 10th day of May, 2004. These trials are part of the Maritime testing system for small grains. Dry matter yield values from the spring wheat registration/recommendation trial ranged from 2.67 tons/hectare to 4.23 tons/hectare. Lowest and highest yielding lines were Sandro and AC Hartland and AC Helena, respectively. Leaf diseases were detected among the lines. Fusarium toxin (DON) levels ranged from 0.6 ppm to 4.2 ppm. Toxin levels below 1 ppm are considered to be acceptable. Dry matter yield values from the AAFC spring wheat screening test ranged from 2.73 to 4.20 tons/hectare. Lowest and highest yielding lines were Celtic and AW 596, respectively. Data from these trials are used to recommend lines for registration and to recommend cultivars for commercial production in New Brunswick. No varieties were selected for recommendation and/or registration.
1 NB Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Aquaculture, Agriculture Development Branch, PO Box 6000, Fredericton, NB, E3B 5H1
2 NB Soil and Crop Improvement Association, 16 Gilks Road, Maugerville, NB, E3A 8N4