and Regimental Colours of the Carleton and York Regiment
The Carleton York
Regiment was formed in 1937 by the amalgamation of two New Brunswick Regiments,
the Carleton Light Infantry and the York Regiment.
York Regiment traces its origins back through the 67th Battalion Carleton
Light Infantry and the 71st York Battalion of Infantry, to the various
local regiments and companies raised for the defence of the province of
When the Loyalists
arrived in 1783, many of the men had served in the provincial regiments
raised in America. For the safety of the settlements, land was granted
by grouping settlers as rar as possible by regiments. This plan, although
modified considerably, was the beginning of the militia in New Brunswick.
The 71st Battalion
evolved from the York County Militia consisting of three battalions: the
first battalion, with headquarters at Fredericton raised in 1787; the
second battalion raised later at Kingsclear and the third battalion in
1822 at Douglas.
67th Battalion came from the Carleton County Militia, a regiment of two
battalions, the first organized at Woodstock in 1834 and the second in
the same year at Wicklow.
those days consisted of drills at local centres and from time to time
the militia was called up on active service due to the unsettled state
of the Maine New Brunswick boundary dispute and later during the Fenian
An 1863 report of the inspecting officer noted that the two companies
of the York Regiment at Fredericton were the best in the province and
the company of the Carleton Regiment at Woodstock was extremely efficient.
The York Regiment perpetuated the 12th and 140th Canadian Infantry Battalions
and the Carleton Light Infantry the 44th and 104th Battalions, Canadian
Expeditionary Force, 1914-1918. The Regiment is now affiliated with the
Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment and the East Yorkshire Regiment,
the principal features of whose badges are incorporated in the badge of
the Carleton and York Regiment, the white horse of Kent superimposed on
the Star of Brunswick.
The "colours"presented to the unit were the gift of the late
Hon. Murray MacLaren, P.C., C.M.G., V.D., M.D., LL.D., F.R.C.S., Honourary
Colonel of the Regiment and Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of New
According to former Lieutenant-Governor Hon. George F.G. Stanley, "All
through history, Colours were the rallying point for the regiment. In
the thick of battle, as long as the Colours could be seen, it meant that
the regiment was still fighting and winning. If they disappeared, then
it meant they had been captured by the enemy."
The designs were drawn up by the Inspector of Regimental Colours at the
College of Arms, London, and approved by the Garter King-of-Arms. Made
by Messrs Hobson & Sons Ltd of London, the official description reads:
The Great Union, on the double circle, the title "The Carlton
& York Regiment" and the Roman numeral "I" within.
The Regimental Colour
Field, blue. In the dexter canton the Roman numeral "I." Within
the double circle the following device: "On an eight -pointed star"
or The White Horse of Kent above a scroll inscribed "Invicta"
all Argent. Eleven battle honours: Ypres 1915, 1917; Somme 1916; Vimy
1917; Passendale; Hindenburg Line; South Africa, 1900; Festhubert 1915;
Arras 1917, 1918; Hill 70; Amiens, and Canal du Nord.
The Carleton-York Regiment mobilized at Woodstock, New Brunswick at the
outbreak of the war September 1, 1939, as a unit of the Third Brigade,
First Canadian Division, and proceeded overseas December 10, 1939, arriving
in Great Britain December 17, 1939. During World War II, the regiment
participated in the Sicilian, Italian and Northwestern campaigns in Europe.
The Stand of Colours was presented by His Majesty King George VI at Caterham,
Surrey, England July 1, 1941. That same day, King George VI presented
Colours to the Edmonton Regiment. In presenting the colours, His Majesty
King George VI noted:
Today is Dominion Day and I am very glad to be spending it among my
Many of you, maybe, have never before been out of Canada on your National
Day; you will all, I know, be thinking of those near and dear to you whom
you have left at home.
With all my heart I hope that it may not be long before you
are with them again. Meanwhile, remember that wherever you may be called
on to meet, and beat, the enemy, you will be defending your own homes
as surely as if you were fighting on the very soil of New Brunswick or
Your two regiments perpetuate no less than seven battalions of the Canadian
Expeditionary Force which, a quarter of a century ago, went out to win
immortal fame under the inspiring leadership of Lord Bynd and Sir Arthur
Currie. The traditions then established, the high honour wich was then
won, are also perpetuated in the Colours that I now present to you. I
am very proud to do so, for I know that you will ever hold them safe and
will sustain the great ideals of which they are the outward symbols.
I wish you the best of luck.
A plaque located in the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick at 706 Queen
Street in Parliament Square reads:
CARLETON AND YORK REGIMENT
LAID UP IN THE
LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY CHAMBER
10 FEBRUARY 1955
THIS STAND OF COLOURS WAS PRESENTED BY
HIS MAJESTY KING GEORGE VI
CATERHAM, SURREY ENGLAND
1 JULY 1941
Note: Through the
cooperation of Members of the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick, the
Canadian Conservation Institute, the Canadian War Museum, the Commanding
Officer at Base Gagetown, and a highly qualified textile conservator,
the Carleton York Colours were transported to Ottawa, removed from their
staffs, affixed to fabric covered stretchers and enclosed in plexiglass
boxes which afford the environmental protection necessary in a public
building. They are viewed by young and old, visitor and resident, soldier
and civilian, for through the threads of these Colours, runs the history
of the farmers, woodcutters, store clerks, accountants, lawyers, carpenters
and those in a variety of trades and professions from this province who
fought so proudly with the Carleton York Regiment.